Modes of operation at the different observatories

The different kinds of European radio telescopes are listed below. To this the following note should be taken into account:

    • The MERLIN network includes telescopes which are also used in single dish mode.
    • The Westerbork interferometer is also used for single dish operations.
    • None of the mentioned radio astronomy stations is exclusively dedicated to Very Long Baseline Interferometry, VLBI, but some participate in specific VLBI observing sessions only. Their individual participation depends on the frequencies at which the radio telescope can operate, i.e. they do not join the VLBI network at the same time.

Connected element radio interferometers are operated at:

      • Cambridge radio observatory
      • Plateau de Bure radio observatory
      • Westerbork radio observatory

Radio observatories which also operate as nodes of the Multi-Element Radio-Linked Interferometer Network, MERLIN:

      • Cambridge radio observatory
      • Darnhall radio observatory
      • Defford radio observatory
      • Jodrell Bank radio observatory
      • Knockin radio observatory
      • Pickmere radio observatory

Radio observatories which also operate as nodes of a VLBI network are:

    • Effelsberg radio observatory
    • Jodrell Bank radio observatory
    • Kalyazin radio observatory
    • Medicina radio observatory
    • Medveziy Ozera radio observatory
    • Metsähovi radio observatory
    • Noto radio observatory
    • Onsala radio observatory
    • Pushchino radio observatory
    • Simeiz radio observatory
    • Svetloe radio observatory
    • Torun radio observatory
    • Westerbork radio observatory
    • Wettzell radio observatory
    • Yebes radio observatory