ESF logo Committee on Radio Astronomy Frequencies

 The Committee on Radio Astronomy Frequencies (CRAF) is a committee of the European Science Foundation (ESF).

Radio Observatories in Europe


List of Radio Astronomy Observatories in Europe

Country         Place               Comment 
Austria         Lustbühel

Belgium Humain
Czech Republic Ondrejov
Finland Metsńhovi Sodankylń EISCAT
France Bordeaux Nanšay Plateau de Bure
Germany Effelsberg Stockert Tremsdorf Wettzell
Greece Pentele Thermopyles
Hungary Penc
Italy Medicina Noto Sardinia Trieste
Latvia Ventspils
Netherlands Borger-Odoorn (LOFAR) Dwingeloo Westerbork
Norway Longyearbyen EISCAT Tromso EISCAT
Poland Krakˇw Torun
Portugal Espiunca
Russia Badari Dmitrov Kalyazin Medveziy Ozera Pushchino Svetloe Zelenchukskaya Zimenki
Spain Pico Veleta Robledo Yebes
Sweden Kiruna EISCAT Onsala
Switzerland Bleien
Turkey Kayseri
Ukraine Evpatoriya Kharkov Lvov Odessa Poltava Simeiz Zmiev
United Kingdom Cambridge Darnhall Defford Jodrell Bank Knockin Pickmere

List of European stations for Atmospheric Remote Sensing

Country              Place                       Comment 
France               Lannemezan                  passive
                     Pic du Midi                 passive

Finland Sodankyla active
Italy Testa Grigia (Plateau Rosa) passive
Norway Longyearbyen active Ny ┼lesund passive Troms° active
Sweden Kiruna active and passive
Switzerland Bern passive Gornergrat passive Jungfraujoch passive Payerne passive

Radio quiet zones around observatories

Usually a radio quiet zone has been installed around a radio astronomy station. The extent of this zone differs from station to station depending on the characteristics of each individual station.

Modes of operation at the different observatories

The different kinds of European radio telescopes are listed below. To this the following note should be taken into account:

  • The MERLIN network includes telescopes which are also used in single dish mode.
  • The Westerbork interferometer is also used for single dish operations.
  • None of the mentioned radio astronomy stations is exclusively dedicated to Very Long Baseline Interferometry, VLBI, but some participate in specific VLBI observing sessions only. Their individual participation depends on the frequencies at which the radio telescope can operate, i.e. they do not join the VLBI network at the same time.

    Connected element radio interferometers are operated at:

    Radio observatories which also operate as nodes of the Multi-Element Radio-Linked Interferometer Network, MERLIN:

    Radio observatories which also operate as nodes of a VLBI network are:

    Monitoring facilities at European radio astronomy stations

    Overview of the facilities to monitor spectrum occupancy at European radio astronomy stations.

    CountryRadio Astronomy ObservatoryMonitoring facility(ies)
    Czech RepublicOndrejov-
    FinlandMetsähovifixed monitoring facility
    Nançayfixed monitoring facility
    Plateau de Bure-
    GermanyEffelsbergfixed monitoring facility
    ItalyMedicinafixed and mobile monitoring facilities
    Notomobile monitoring facilities
    the NetherlandsDwingeloo-
    Westerborkfixed and mobile monitoring facilities
    PortugalEspiuncafixed monitoring facility
    Medveziy Ozera-
    SpainPico Veleta-
    SwitzerlandBleien (Zürich)fixed and mobile monitoring facilities
    United KingdomCambridge-
    Jodrell Bankfixed and mobile monitoring facilities
    sites of the Multi-Element Radio-Linked Interferometer Network, MERLIN-

    Monitoring activities at European radio astronomy stations are usually done in close collaboration with national Administrations and when necessary supported by the CEPT Satellite Monitoring facility at Leeheim, Germany.

    Last modified: 10JUL12