Nomenclature (ITU Radio Regulations Article 2.1)

2.1 of the ITU Radio Regulations defines the following nomenclature:

The radio spectrum shall be subdivided into nine frequency bands, which shall be designated by progressive whole numbers in accordance with the following table. As the unit of frequency is the hertz (Hz), frequencies shall be expressed:

  • in kilohertz (kHz), up to and including 3 000 kHz;
  • in megahertz (MHz), above 3 MHz, up to and including 3 000 MHz;
  • in gigahertz (GHz), above 3 GHz, up to and including 3 000 GHz.However, where adherence to these provisions would introduce serious difficulties, for example in connection with the notification and registration of frequencies, the lists of frequencies and related matters, reasonable departures may be made.
    Bandnumber Symbols Frequency range
    (lower limit exclusive,
    upper limit inclusive)
    Corresponding
    metric subdivision
    Metric
    abbreviations
    for the bands
    4 VLF 3 to 30 kHz Myriametric waves B.Mam
    5 LF 30 to 300 kHz Kilometric waves B.km
    6 MF 300 to 3 000 kHz Hectometric waves B.hm
    7 HF 3 to 30 MHz Decametric waves B.dam
    8 VHF 30 to 300 MHz Metric waves B.m
    9 UHF 300 to 3 000 MHz Decimetric waves B.dm
    10 SHF 3 to 30 GHz Centimetric waves B.cm
    11 EHF 30 to 300 GHz Millimetric waves B.mm
    12 300 to 3 000 GHz Decimillimetric waves N.mm

    NOTE 1: “Band N” (N = band number) extends from 0.3 × 10N Hz to 3 × 10N Hz.
    NOTE 2: Prefix: k = kilo (103), M = mega (106), G = giga (109).