There are two main observatories operating in Badary:
The Badary Radio Astronomical Observatory (BdRAO) was founded by the Institute of Applied Astronomy (IAA) as one of three stations of the Russian VLBI network QUASAR. The sponsoring organization of the project is the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). The Badary Radio Astronomical Observatory is situated in the Burytia Republic (East Siberia) about 130 km east of Baikal Lake. The basic instruments of the observatory are a 32-m radio telescope and technical systems for making VLBI observations. The three observatories Badary, Svetloe, and Zelenchukskaya make up the stationary “Quasar” VLBI network.
The Siberian Solar Radio Telescope (SSRT, operated by the Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics) is located about 2km south-west of BdRAO and is a special-purpose solar radio telescope designed for studying solar activity in the microwave range (5.7 GHz) where the processes occuring in the solar corona are accessible to observation over the entire solar disk. SSRT sensitivity is such that it is possible to observe active regions at all stages of their development, at the background of the emission of an undisturbed solar atmosphere. SSRT is a crossed interferometer, consisting of two arrays of 128×128 parabolic antennas 2.5 meters in diameter each, spaced equidistantly at 4.9 meters and oriented in the E-W and N-S directions.
|altitude above sea level:||832 m|
|diameter of BdRAO telescope:||32 m|
|geographic longitude:||102° 14′ 00″|
|geographic latitude:||51° 46′ 10″|
|Solar radio telescope:||256 antennae, each 2.5m in diameter|
|geographic longitude:||102° 13′ 16″|
|geographic latitude:||51° 45′ 27″|
Available observing mode: single dish, Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI).
Frequencies used currently:
|Frequency band||Observing mode|
|1380 – 1720 MHz||QUASAR VLBI|
|2150 – 2600 MHz||QUASAR VLBI|
|3000 – 18000 MHz||QUASAR VLBI|
|4000 – 8000 MHz||SSRT|
|5670 – 5790 MHz||SSRT|
|22.02 – 22.52 GHz||QUASAR VLBI|
|28.00 – 34.00 GHz||QUASAR VLBI|
Research programs: solar and interplanetary medium physics, physics of the near-Earth space, ionosphere and atmosphere; investigation into solar-terrestrial relationships; development of astrophysical and geophysical research methods and equipment; IVS and domestic VLBI observations;